(Bài này rất cũ được viết nhiều năm trước. Vì Blog My.Opera sẽ đóng cửa nên tôi đã dời bài về đây).
Rượu nho California nổi tiếng thế giới. Trong kỳ thi đua năm 1976 tại Paris, rượu nho Cali thắng vẻ vang, hơn rượu nho của Pháp. Đến Cali tham dự Đại Hội Trùng Phùng cựu học sinh Vỏ Trường Toàn Saigon, Thầy-Trò chúng tôi đã thăm viếng vùng rượu nho Napa, và nếm thử rượu (Wine Tasting). Vui lắm.
Cali diện tích bằng 2/3 nước Pháp. Khí hậu Cali giống như khí hậu Pháp. Vùng Napa gần San Francisco khí hậu nóng như vùng Địa Trung Hải của Pháp, có hơn 300 cơ sở sản xuất rượu nho (wineries), mổi năm có hơn 5 triệu du khách đến viếng thăm, gắp 2 lần số du khách đến tham quan nước Việt Nam..
Đến Cali dự Đại Hội Trùng Phùng kỳ nầy, Thầy-Trò chúng tôi (vợ chồng VTT Thống chủ nhà, vợ chồng VTT Xang từ Houston qua, và vợ chồng tôi từ New York đến), rủ nhau đi tham quan vùng Napa nổi tiếng khắp thế giới, để ngắm cảnh đẹp tuyệt vời, và nếm mùi đủ thứ rượu nho, đặc biệt những chai rượu chỉ bán tại chổ, không có bán nơi nào khác trên thế giới nầy, có tiền cũng mua không được..
Xin chia sẻ với các bạn một vài hình ảnh một ngày vui. Vui cảnh, vui người, đặc biệt vui sự trùng phùng gặp lại sau nhiều năm xa cách, thấy người thân còn sống còn hạnh phúc, và đầy đủ sức khoẻ..Thật tuyệt vời.
Wine in Napa Valley
“Napa Valley is widely considered one of the top AVAs in California, and all of the United States with a history dating back to the early nineteenth century. By the end of the nineteenth century there were more than one hundred and forty wineries in the area. Of those original wineries several still exist in the valley today including Charles Krug Winery, Shramsburg, Chateau Montelena and Beringer. Viticulture in Napa suffered a setback when prohibition was enacted across the country in 1920. Furthering the damage was an infestation of the phylloxera root louse which killed many of the vines through the valley. These two events caused many wineries to shut down and stalled the growth of the wine industry in Napa County for years. Following the Second World War, the wine industry in Napa began to thrive again.
In 1965, Napa Valley icon Robert Mondavi broke away from his family’s Charles Krug estate to found his own. This was the first new large scale winery to be established in the valley since before prohibition. Following the establishment of the Mondavi estate, the number of wineries in the valley continued to grow, as did the region’s reputation.
In addition to large scale wineries, Napa Valley’s boutique wineries produce some of the world’s best wines. The producers of these wines include but are not limited to: Araujo, Bryant Family, Colgin Cellars, Dalla Valle Maya, Diamond Creek, Dominus Estate, Duckhorn Vineyards, Dunn Howell Mountain, Grace Family, Harlan, Husic, Kistler, Jericho Canyon Vineyards, Marcassin, Screaming Eagle, Shafer Hillside Select, Sine Qua Non, Spencer-Roloson Winery and Vineyard 29.
Today Napa Valley features more than three hundred wineries and grows many different grape varieties including Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Zinfandel, and other popular varietals. Napa Valley is visited by as many as five million people each year, making it the second most popular tourist destination in California, second only to Disneyland.”
“California wine is wine made in the U.S. state of California. Nearly three-quarters the size of France, California accounts for nearly 90 percent of entire American wine production. The production in California alone is one third larger than that of Australia; if California were a separate country, it would be the world’s fourth-largest wine producer. The state’s viticultural history dates back to the 18th century when Spanish missionaries planted the first vineyards to produce wine for Mass.
Following a wine renaissance in the mid-20th century, Californian wine entered the international stage at the 1976 Judgment of Paris wine competition when Californian wines beat out French wines in both red and white wine categories. Today there are more than 1,200 wineries in the state, ranging from small boutique wineries to large corporations like E & J Gallo Winery with distribution across the globe…
California is very geologically diverse region and is equally varied in the range of climates and terroirs that can be found. Most of the state’s wine regions are found between the Pacific coast and the Central Valley. The Pacific Oceans and large bays, like San Francisco Bay serve as tempering influences to the wine regions nearby providing cool winds and fog that balance the heat and sunshine. While drought can be a viticultural hazard, most areas of California receive sufficient amounts of rainfall with the annual rainfall of wine regions north of San Francisco between 24-45 inches (615-1150 mm) and the more southern regions receiving 13-20 inches. Winters are mild with little threat of frost damage though springtime frost can be a hazard. To curb the threat of frost, vineyard owners will often employ the use of wind machines, sprinklers and smudge pots to protect the vines.
Ngồi nhâm nhi ly rượu nho tại cơ sở sản xuất rượu “Sterling wineries”
While California’s wine regions can be generally classified as having a Mediterranean climate, there are also regions with more continental climates. Proximity to the Pacific or bays as well as unobstructed access to the cool currents that come off them will dictate the relative coolness of the wine region. Areas surrounded by mountain barriers, like some parts of Napa County will be warmer due to the lack of this cooling influence. The soil types and landforms of California vary greatly, having been influenced by the plate tectonics of the North American and Pacific Plates. In some areas the soils can be so diverse that vineyards will establish blocks of the same vine variety planted on different soils for purpose of identifying different blending components. This diversity is one of the reasons why California has so many different and distinct American Viticultural Areas. “
(Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_wine )